Would you please give us examples of strength building exercises vs muscle building exercises --- or programs. Thanks.
First we must be defining strength the same way. Strength is defined as the maximum force that one can generate. It differs from power as speed is not really a component of brute strength. Endurance is the number of time one can perform a movement sequentially. Typical strength programs are low in reps (like 2-4), from 85 - 95% of one rep maximums and have a flat pyramid of repetitive sets done with long breaks. These focus on the (CP)creatine phosphate pathways of energy and ATP battery, and do not tax the other systems such as the lactic acid anaerobic pathways.
Power training often is very short in duration and also predominantly CP pathway but uses much lighter weight where speed is focused on. Similarly long rests between sets. Neuromuscular co-ordination is improved here and strength gains will occur.
Bodybuilding routines focus often on time under contraction with high loads or tension. Theses programs train many systems. Some such as HIT have far more benefits than your typical 3 day split, three exercises per body part, 5 sets per exercise paradigm. A HIT program is often only one work out a week and is full body, every set to the max, reps ranging from 8 -20 per set, pretty much no rest between sets. It is old-school and not for pussies.
I am presently working with kettlebells and am loving them but they have more of an athletic mobility and muscular endurance component than a bodybuilding program. I choose HIT for my regular routines. Some people believe HIT is to hard year round, probably because it is so demanding and requires 100% effort every time you train.
If you want to do complex routines that hit all of the systems, do power training first, then strength, then endurance last. Often athletes will periodize their programs throughout the year and focus on strength for a period of time, then switch to a power focus, then maybe to a power endurance focus, and then lastly to an endurance focus, then reduce the training and peak for a particular event.
Hope you are confused enough